IBM has produced a glossy multimedia website (see below) to expound the possibilities under the label "IBM 5 in 5: five innovations that will help change our lives within five years." And analog, MEMS and sensors are prominent. But digital electronics will also have its say in the form of big data and artificial intelligence.
The full list is artificial intelligence; hyperspectral imaging; microfluidic lab-on-chips, networks of novel sensors and something IBM calls "macroscoping."
Amongst the developments IBM researchers are predicting – and a slightly disconcerting prediction at that – is that what we say and write could be monitored and used as indicators of our mental health and physical well-being. Patterns of speech and writing and how they change over time, analysed by cognitive systems, could provide tell-tale signs of early-stage developmental disorders, mental illness and degenerative neurological diseases.
"You are losing it. The way you wrote/said that last sentence means you could have mental of physical health problem. Go see a doctor." Big brother indeed.
However, IBM reports that the global cost of mental health is projected to hit US$6.0 trillion by 2030 and early treatment may well be the best way to ameliorate that bill and keep people fitter and happier for longer.
The sort of conditions such cognitive analysis could highlight include Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, Huntington’s disease, Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or even neurodevelopmental conditions such as autism and Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Hyperspectral imaging is the sensing in multiple bands of the electromagnetic spectrum in a correlated way. By working with the visible spectrum and beyond it is possible to spot hidden dangers such as contaminated food or black ice and obstacles shrouded in fog. IBM researcher predict that in the next five years what is already technically possible will come down dramatically in size and price, making "superhero vision" part of everyday experience.
Next: What is macroscoping