Sync’d Keysight generators mimic multi-emitter radar threat signals

March 04, 2016 // By Graham Prophet
Keysight Technologies has developed a reference solution for realistic multi-emitter signal simulation: comprising calibrated hardware plus software, it is able to simulate realistic and dynamic radar threat-emitter signal environments consisting of thousands of emitters and millions of pulses-per-second.

For electronic warfare (EW) simulation and test, the Multi-Emitter Scenario Generator Reference Solution is based on multiple coherent N5193A UXG agile signal generators. With the UXGs and N7660B Signal Studio software for multi-emitter scenario generation, this reference solution enables engineers to quickly and accurately simulate realistic and dynamic radar threats at a fraction of the cost of similar systems.


Keysight adds that creating realistic multi-emitter signal environments or scenarios is a complex task. Multiple pulse trains must be correctly interleaved and pulse conditions must be identified, counted and prioritised. With hardware configurations that fit on an engineer’s desk, the reference solution coherently changes frequencies and settles amplitude in 180 nsec – allowing thousands of threat-emitters to be simulated with millions of pulses per second.


Angle of Arrival (AoA) and kinematics simulations within the multi-emitter signal environment add even more complexity. Kinematics provides dynamic power levels, Doppler frequencies and pulse amplitudes, phase and time offsets for AoA simulation. In order to achieve AoA simulation, the reference solution provides a tailored calibration system capable of aligning the different UXGs in time, amplitude and phase. The calibration system consists of calibration software, N7660B Signal Studio software and Keysight hardware: the PNA or PNA-X vector network analysers for amplitude and phase calibration; the Infiniium series oscilloscopes for time, amplitude and phase calibration; and the U2000 series USB power sensors for lower-cost amplitude-only calibration.


“The Multi-Emitter Scenario Generator Reference Solution delivers realistic radar threat-emitter signal generation support at multiple stages in the development cycle,” said Mario Narduzzi, marketing manager of Keysight’s Communications Measurement Solutions division. “Engineers working in reprogramming labs or developing new platforms will now be able to procure and implement an EW test system in two months rather than the typical two-year procurement cycle.”

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Engineers can configure radar parameters such as frequency, amplitude, antenna scan, pulse repetition interval, pulse width and modulation-on-pulse, and then interleave